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Published by Penguin Books 2009
Also available as an e-book and audio book.

 “Some days he felt the shame of that half-forgotten promise almost like a physical blow, or a sword thrust into his belly, like that agonizing wound which had taken Haseo’s life.”

Haunted by his vow to find the man responsible for the death of his friend Haseo, Lord Sugawara Akitada, senior secretary in the Ministry of Justice, temporarily abandons his post and sets out to fulfill his promise. But Haseo, condemned to die in exile for a crime he did not commit, left only his sword behind as a clue to his past. At the same time, Akitada’s retainer, Tora, is investigating the violent death of a blind street singer amid a smallpox outbreak that threatens the entire city. Weaving together history, drama, mystery, romance, and adventure, The Convict’s Sword is a story of passion and redemption that brings eleventh-century Japan vividly to life.


2010 Review by Mike Street - Special to THE ASIAN REPORTER - The Convict’s Sword - by I.J. Parker.  Penguin Books, 2009

In the pantheon of mystery books, I.J. Parker’s stand alone. Far from simple potboilers, her mysteries weave multiple plot threads into a lush tapestry of Japanese society in the Heian period. Her latest book, The Convict’s Sword, features her detective, the judicial clerk Akitada Sugawara, trying to clear the names of two friends, even as he makes decisions about his family more serious than he ever imagined. The result is one of her best — if not the best — books yet, a complex and heady mix of suspense and Asian culture written with authority and flair.

Sugawara’s unconventional approach to life often gets him into trouble, chafing with his superiors when he ignores his menial bureaucratic duties in order to pursue justice. This forms one of the central conflicts in The Convict’s Sword, in a pursuit carried over from Parker’s last book, Island of Exiles. In that book, Sugawara promised to clear the name of his wrongly imprisoned friend Haseo, who died helping him uncover a vast corruption scheme on the penal colony at Sado Island.

This shows two more strengths of Parker’s books: The storylines are continuous, and no character is safe from disaster. Throughout the series, Sugawara’s circle of friends and family has grown and shrunk, making Parker’s books both satisfying and unexpected, as readers follow his rise through the government ranks without ever being sure of what might happen.

And Sugawara’s rise has never been smooth; he is currently harassed by his superior, Soga, who sees him as incompetent and irresponsible. When he is away from his office solving Haseo’s mystery, Soga sees the chance he needs to remove him from his position. But just as this occupational disaster is about to befall Sugawara, the scheme is delayed when a panic over a supposed smallpox epidemic drives Soga and his family from the city.

Sugawara and his family remain in the capital in spite of protests by his wife Tamako, partly because he doesn’t believe the panic, and partly because he has plenty to do. Not only must he explore Haseo’s family tree further, but he must also prove the innocence of his retainer, Tora, accused of murder. The victim, a blind street singer named Tomoe, was not only Tora’s friend but also was apparently hiding important secrets of her own.

Released to help prove his innocence, Tora becomes involved with a local gang while pursuing a man who resembles Haseo and seems to be involved in Tomoe’s death. And Sugawara’s marriage becomes threatened by both the smallpox scare and a beautiful woman he meets in the course of his investigations. Thanks to Parker’s unpredictability, we keep reading, never sure if the next moment will be Tora’s last, if Sugawara will lose his wife or his family, or if all of these will happen.

During the investigations, we find a Heian-era Japan that is not so different from our modern world. The bureaucracy is slow and entrenched in its positions while the police struggle to prevent crime due to insufficient resources. Sugawara’s well-intended efforts to bring this deficiency to the attention of the crown endanger his friendship with an important official. His negotiations of the byzantine machinations of the government hierarchy and the maze of political connections will be familiar to those who have ever stood in line at the DMV or tried to rectify an error on their taxes.

Yet Parker’s characters always have room for growth, and Sugawara is changed in many ways by the events of the book, especially his attitude toward his relatively progressive marriage. Trying to assert his masculine authority creates a rift between him and his beloved Tamako, and their marriage becomes what it had never been: a cold, businesslike arrangement. Struggling to right this error gives Sugawara new insight into his ideals and the importance of his family.

As ever, Parker juggles the multiple plots at a page- turning pace that still allows time to savor the many cultural pleasures within the book. Mystery readers can appreciate the book’s whodunit aspect, but it’s not Parker’s style to leave you slapping your forehead at an obvious clue that you missed. She exhibits masterful control of all aspects of the book, and it’s always a comfort to remain in her thrall, the only disappointment when you reach the end and wonder when the next book is coming.

Parker is sure to bring in new readers with this excellent addition to the Sugawara story. Those who are unfamiliar with her detective or the time he lives in will find more information in her Historical Note at the end, which details the finer points of Heian-era Japanese life as they relate to the book and cites sources for those who might want to read more. But it’s hard to imagine a better guide to this time in ancient Japan than I.J. Parker’s wonderful Sugawara novels, which just keep getting better and better.


STARRED REVIEW - PUBLISHER'S WEEKLY - The Convict's Sword: A Mystery of Eleventh-Century Japan I.J. Parker. Penguin, $15 paper (416p) ISBN 978-0-14-311579-3

In Parker's compelling fifth mystery set in feudal Japan (after 2007's Island of Exiles), Sugawara Akitada, now a senior secretary in the ministry of justice, suffers guilt over his failure to fulfill his promise to Haseo, a recently deceased convict who saved his life in an earlier book, to exonerate him. As Akitada makes some small progress toward finding the truth about the five-year-old murders Haseo was blamed for, he must also clear his own retainer, Tora, of the murder of a blind street singer. His inquiries on both fronts come at a time of increasing tension with his wife, Tamako, and as an outbreak of smallpox disrupts the capital city, Heian-Kyo. A capricious and unreliable boss, Soga, adds to his woes. Besides smoothly mixing action and deduction, Parker gives her protagonist an emotional depth that raises her to the front rank of contemporary historical writers, including Laura Joh Rowland, the author of a similar series set in 17th-century Japan (The Fire Kimono, etc.). (Aug.)

KIRKUS REVIEWS - The Convict's Sword: A Mystery of Eleventh-Century Japan I.J. Parker.

The brutal murder of Tomoe, a blind street singer, offers a stark contrast to the beautiful morning that greets Lord Sugawara Akitada and his beloved wife Tamako. Akitada, who serves as Senior Secretary in the Ministry of Justice, has recently been testy and restless at work. The solution, he realizes, is to fulfill a past promise to ferret out the killer of his friend Haseo, even though this could imperil his position in the royal court. The only clue in the murder of Haseo, a former convict unjustly condemned, is the weapon: a sword. Tomoe's killing presents a more pressing mystery. The prime suspect is Tora, one of Akitada's three lieutenants, reportedly apprehended near the body with knife in hand. Amazingly, Tora's elder cohort Seimei theorizes that the hotheaded young man might indeed be guilty. Akitada uneasily presses for Tora's release so that he can help find the killer. The case only grows more complex when it's discovered that Tomoe may have been a prostitute. A rift in Akitada's marriage and a health scare for Seimei provide further complications. At length, despite a scarcity of clues, the investigation comes full circle, leading to the solution of Haseo's murder as well.

The elegance and deliberate pace of Akitada's sixth case (Island of Exiles, 2007, etc.) are appropriate to the hero's character and satisfying on their own. Abundant historical detail adds interest to the pro forma mystery.


The JAPAN TIMES - The Convict's Sword: A Mystery of Eleventh-Century Japan I.J. Parker.

 “Akitada dodges the slings and arrows of struggling to salvage his career, springs his assistant from jail, meets the demands of his family, apprehends violent criminals and somehow fulfills his obligation to the man who saved his life.  Meanhile Kyotoites are dropping like flies from smallpox, with law and order threatening to break down.  He survives some vicious assaults and meets with heart-rending personal tragedy; yet Parker does a masterful job of conveying human drama without resorting to melodrama. . . . More than just a mystery novel, this is a superb piece of literature set against the backdrop of 11th-century Kyoto.” Mark Schreiber


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